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Hore (Abbey)

also known as: Rupes, An Mhainistir Liath

Order: Cistercian

Name of Foundation: Hore

Main events in the history of this site

1172Foundation - Daughter House of Mellifont, founded in 1172 by David Mac Cerbaill (MacCarwell), (d.1289), Archbishop of Cashel (Med. religious houses, Ire.) 
1271 - The abbots of Graiguenamanagh and Monasternenagh were appointed to inspect the site upon which the archbishop intended to have the abbey. (Med. religious houses, Ire., 129) 
1290 - William, son of Thomas of Fethard, increased the endowments in return for a sum of money. (Med. religious houses, Ire., 129) 
1381 - Patent Roll 5 Richard II (179), 18 August 1381 – To the archbishop of Cashel. The bishop, clergy and abbots of the diocese of Cashel granted £10 [as in 167] and the abbot of Holy Cross and the abbot of the Rock of Cashel [de Rupe Cassell] were elected as collectors. Order to cause the said £10 to be duly assessed. (CIRCLE 2012) 
c.1400s - Absolution for homicide granted to Peter Omorra by Nicholas, Abbot of Hore Abbey (de Rupe Cassel), 15th c. (Manuscript, National Library of Ireland: Dublin, D. 1628) 
1452, 1 April - 1 April, 1452, St. Peter’s, Rome – To the abbot of Holycross (Santa Crucis) de Woterlauyn, the abbot of Hore abbey (de Rupe), and the prior of Adtassel, in the diocese of Cashel. Mandate (the pope having been informed by James Calfe, priest of the diocese of Cashel, that John [O]hedian, chancellor of Cashel, priest, has dilapidated, alienated and uselessly consumed the possessions of the chancellorship and, being a public and notorious fornicator, has committed perjury, and is greatly defamed of these things in those parts) if and after James (all of whose benefices and their values and his dispensations the pope holds to be expressed by those presents) accuses John before the above three, to summon him, and if they find the foregoing to be true, to deprive and remove him, and in that event to collate and assign the chancellorship, a non-major, non-elective dignity with cure, value not exceeding 6 marks sterling, to James. (CPL, 10 (1447 – 1455) 
1466, 8 November - 1466, 8 November, St. Mark’s, Rome (f.169) To the Archbishop of Cashel. Mandate as below. The pope has been informed by William Sumr (note: i.e. Seymour), a monk of the monastery of St. Mary the Virgin de Vony, O. Cist., in the diocese of Emly, that Denis (Dionisius) alias Doncuon Ofaulu, abbot of St. Mary’s, Horeabbey (de Rupe) of the said order, in the diocese of Cashel, a notorious fornicator, has dilapidated many of the goods of that monastery, and turned them to purposes of fornication and [other] evil purposes, that through his negligence the said monastery and its buildings have become ruinous, and divine worship therein greatly diminished, and that, indeed, it is to be feared that, unless a remedy be quickly provided, the said monastery will fall into such desolation that divine worship will wholly perish and its buildings fall to the ground. The pope therefore hereby orders the above archbishop, if the said William (who is a priest, has made his profession of the said order, and is illegitimate, being the son of a priest, a monk of the said order and an unmarried woman), will accuse Denis before the above archbishop, to summon Denis and others concerned, and he find the foregoing to be true, to deprive and remove Denis, and in that event, if he find William fit, to make provision to him of the said monastery, value not exceeding 24 marks sterling. The pope hereby specially dispenses him, so that provision may be made to him thereof, and that he may rule it in spirituals and temporals, notwithstanding the said defect, etc., and also grants that he may be blessed by the above archbishop or by any catholic bishop of William’s choice, in communion with the apostolic see. (CPL 12 1458 – 1471, Paul II, 509) 
1540, 6 April - The abbey was dissolved by the surrender of Patrick Stackbold (Stackboll), the last abbot, he and another were granted pensions. (Med. religious houses, Ire.)  
1541, 11 January - Jurors found that the parish church had been used as the parish church from time immemorial, all other buildings were suitable for farming and not valued. The possessions included c.600 acres, two granges, several messuages and cottages, unmeasured gardens etc. and the rectories of Hore Abbey, Rayleston and Lismalin, total valuing £21 4s. 10d. gross., £15, 13s. 2d net., the main annual charge being the stipend of three priests in the church of Hore, Edmund Effernan, clerk, was occupier. (Extents) The buildings at that point consisted of a church and belfry with a cemetery, a hall, dormitory, four chambers, kitchen, store etc. The abbey was demised to Sir Henry Radcliffe in 1561, when two additional rectorial churches or chapels are named, Grangegerry and Little Grange. These are apparently the two granges mentioned in 1541. (Med. religious houses, Ire., 129) 
c.1559, July 16 - Petition of Sir Edmund Butler Baron of Dunboyne, to the same (the Queen), for the farm fee of the temporalities of Hore Abbey, beside Cashel. Also of the Grange of Athefathe, parcel of the late hospital of St. John’s without Newgate, adjoining to a house of the said Baron in Co. Tipperary, with a lease of certain spiritualities. (CSPI, Henry VII, Edward VI, Mary & Elizabeth, 1509 – 1573, 156) 
1606 - 1607 - Mention of Holme Grange, as being part of Hore Abbey (CSPI, James I 1606 – 1608, 67) 
1609, June 13 - The King to Sir Arthur Chichester.
Directs him to accept surrender from Robert Nangle of Ballysax in consideration of his good services to the Crown in Queen Elizabeth’s time, and the recommendations as well of the former Deputy, as of him (Sir Arthur) for some recompense for his losses and maims, of the castle and lands of Ballisax in the county of Kildare, and the abbey called Hore Abbey in the county of Tipperary, and the poor friary of Kilmacahil in the county of Westmeath, and of all other the lands and rectories in Ireland, which he holds from the Crown for terms under 60 years or thereabouts, and to re-grant to him Ballisax and Hore Abbey, and the Friary of Kilmacahil, and all the said rectories for so many years as are yet to come of the said terms, and for 60 years further in reversion, reserving the former rents, with a covenant that he shall repair the ruinous castle of Ballisax, according to such directions as he shall receive from him (Sir Arthur) and the Council. – Westminster, 13 June 1609 (CSPI, James I, 1608 – 1610, 216)
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Bibliographical sources

7 Printed sources

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Archival sources

National Library of Ireland, '15th century: Absolution for homicide granted to Peter Omorra by Nicholas, Abbot of Hore Abbey (de R', (Document), (View website)

Royal Irish Academy, 'Ordnance Survey Letters of Ireland: Letters: Tipperary (Vol. 1) Notes, made by John O'Donovan for t', (Document), (View website)

Images of this site

Hore Abbey

Hore Abbey, as seen from the Rock of Cashel

Mason's marks, vault over crossing, Hore Abbey

Sculpted capital, choir, Hore Abbey

Vault, crossing, Hore Abbey

Western wall, Hore Abbey

Window of transept, Hore Abbey

Hore Abbey, as seen from the Rock of Cashel

, OSI Grid:S0697640738